The Netherlands aims to become fully circular by 2050, an ambitious yet feasible goal. There are many initiatives throughout the year to promote awareness about becoming circular and adopting circular business models.

Here are five key resources to inspire and scale circularity:

Cover: A Circular Economy in the Netherlands by 2050

1. A Circular Economy in the Netherlands by 2050

Published by: The Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment and the Ministry of Economic Affairs, also on behalf of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations.

Available here.

Cover: The circularity gap report 2019

2. The Circularity Gap Report 2019

Published by Circle Economy. This report is published as part of the Platform for Accelerating the Circular Economy (PACE).

Available here.

You can also download.

Cover: Circular is going global

3. Circular is Going Global 2018

This publication is produced by Netherlands Enterprise Agency on behalf of Holland Circular Hotspot.

Available here.

Cover: City as a Service Circle Economy 2018

4. City as a Service 2018

Published during the We Make The City Festival, this paper builds upon the concept of a ‘City-as-a-service’, as initiated by ABN Bank. It presents an exploration and deep dive of a broader study – City as a service – which was published by ABN AMRO bank and can be found here:

Available here.

Cover: Organizing for the circular economy

5. Organising for the Circular Economy

Jonker, J., Kothman, I., Faber, N. and Montenegro Navarro, N. (2018). Organising for the Circular Economy. A workbook for developing Circular Business Models. Doetinchem: OCF 2.0 Foundation.

Available at and

You can also download.